Conclusion

Understanding the actors in your investment chain; their size and influence over other players in the chain; their country of origin and operation; and any laws, standards or guidelines they might be subject to helps you to understand the potential use of pressure points within your chain. The information you have collected so far can be used to inform the design of the advocacy strategies you can use to hold different actors to account.

When you develop your advocacy strategy, keep in mind that key government agencies and brokers may be important, depending on their role in the investment project. The level of responsiveness of government agencies will vary from country to country, but the involvement of key government agencies will almost always be essential to achieving advocacy goals, such as returning land to affected communities. Brokers may be professionals – for example lawyers – who usually have to abide by a code of conduct in order to retain their licence and keep operating. Keep this in mind while you are noting key pressure points in your investment chain.