Step 5: Analyze Compliance

For each section of your report, review your data and analyze whether it shows violations of the relevant human rights, laws and standards in your assessment framework.

Rather than just making a finding that the project has not complied with a particular standard, analyse how the right, law or standard was violated, pointing to specific aspects or provisions. Try to attribute responsibility to particular actors. For example:

  • If you find a violation of a particular human right, the company’s action may have directly caused the violation, while a responsible government authority may not have taken measures to prevent the company from taking those actions, failing in its obligation to protect against human rights violations by third parties.
  • If you find that a particular section of a national law or regulation was breached, note who had responsibility for complying with that provision.
  • If you find that a particular part of an International Finance Corporation’s Performance Standard was not met, responsibility can be attributed to both the company for failing to comply and to the International Finance Corporation for failing to properly supervise its investment.

Remember to also make findings on notable positive impacts or ways in which rights and laws were respected or fulfilled and standards were met. This ensures the report is balanced and not seen as biased.

The conclusions of your analysis will be used in letters, media and complaints. They will serve as the backbone of your evidence-based advocacy campaign.