Step 4: Organize and Present Your Data

Once you have completed your data collection, you will need to organise your data. This process will depend on the type and amount of information collected by the team.

If your team includes experienced researchers with access to software, this process could involve entering the data into the program, which can then derive various types of statistics. If you collected only qualitative data from a smaller sample size, this process may simply involve reading through your notes and listening to interviews, marking and separating information about each issue and impact, and then describing or summarizing the information under the headings in your assessment framework.

Use your assessment framework to organize your information. This will allow you to easily structure your report in a logical way. Box 10 contains a sample structure used for a human rights impact assessment report.

Inserting direct quotes from affected people, case studies that describe an individual or a family’s particular experience, and photos are great ways to make the report more interesting and informative and to ensure that voices from the community are heard.

Important Point

Remember that you may need to omit or change names of individuals or families in order to protect them from possible reprisals. However, you should reference the place and date of interview, unless this information could put people at risk. Make sure you obtain the informed consent of any individuals who are identified or identifiable in the report.

If you are using statistics, inserting graphs, charts and tables can make the report more visually interesting and easier to understand. Maps of the area and of the village can also be very helpful to the reader.

Box 10: Case Study

Human rights impact assessment of rubber plantations in Ratanakiri, Cambodia: Structure of report

There are several different ways you can structure your report. This assessment was structured as follows:

Chapter 1: Introduction

Describes the context and background, including general information about the affected communities and the company and its project, as well as the purpose of the impact assessment and the structure of the report.

Chapter 2: The Assessment Framework

Describes why each human right and national law was selected for the framework as well as the nature of the obligations of each responsible actor.

Chapter 3: Research Methodology

Describes the study site and villages interviewed, the data collection methods and challenges faced during the research.

Chapter 4: Impacts on the Right of Self-Determination

Describes findings on free, prior and informed consent and loss of lands and resources, and ends with an analysis of compliance with the right of self-determination and relevant Cambodian laws.

Chapter 5: Impacts on the Right to an Adequate Standard of Living

Describes findings on impacts on food and livelihoods, including jobs on the plantation, and ends with an analysis of compliance with the right to an adequate standard of living.

Chapter 6: Impacts on the Right to Health

Describes findings on physical and mental health, and ends with an analysis of compliance with the right to health.

Chapter 7: Impacts on the Right to Practice Cultural and Spiritual Traditions

Describes findings about destruction of sacred sites, obstruction of traditional livelihood practices, and influence of outsiders, and ends with an analysis of compliance with the right to practice cultural and spiritual traditions.

Chapter 8: Access to Remedy

Describes problems with the court system in Cambodia and findings about attempts of communities to complain and seek remedies and the responses they received, including both compensation and threats. The chapter ends with an analysis of compliance with the right to effective remedy.

Chapter 9: Conclusion

Briefly summarises the assessment’s overall findings and the broader lessons from these findings.


Contains a general recommendation to all responsible actors to use the impact assessment findings to develop a remediation plan, and then specific recommendations to each responsible actor – the Government of Cambodia, the Government of Vietnam, the company and its investors – corresponding to the nature of their obligations under the assessment framework.

To read the report, see A Human Rights Impact Assessment: Hoang Anh Gia Lai’s Economic Land Concessions in Ratanakiri, Cambodia.